THE FLAG OF THE REPUBLIC OF CONGO
The flag of the Republic of Congo, which comprises Pan-African colors (green, yellow and red) was approved on August 18th, 1959 by the Legislative Assembly. The flag became official on September 15th, 1959 and did not change after independence. However, from December 1969 to the early 1990’s, a red flag was used because the Republic of Congo became a socialist country. After the transition to a multiparty election system and a market oriented economy in the early 1990’s, the newly appointed regime reverted to the original national flag on June 10th, 1991.
The current Congolese flag is divided diagonally and is made up of a yellow, green and red band. Each color symbolizes a geographical or historical aspect of the Republic of Congo. The yellow band represents friendship and the nobility of the Congolese people while the green band represents the agriculture and rich forests of Congo. The red color is associated with blood to symbolize the struggle of independence.
NATIONAL ANTHEM OF THE REPUBLIC OF CONGO
The National Anthem of the Republic of Congo is known as “La Congolaise.” It was adopted in 1959 and the lyrics were composed by Jacques Tondra and Georges Kibanghi, while the music was composed by Jean Royer and Joseph Spadiliere. However, from 1970-1991, the socialist regime in power replaced “La Congolaise,” with “Les Trois Glorieuses.” The lyrics of “Les Trois Glorieuses” were written by famous Congolese author and current Ambassador of the Republic of Congo in France, Henri Lopes. La Congolaise was re-adopted in 1991 at the end of the socialist regime.
En ce jour le soleil se lève
Des forêts jusqu'à la savanne,
Et s'il nous faut mourir, en somme
On this day the sun rises
From the forest to the bush,
And if we have to die,